Diabetic Eye Exams

Diabetic Eye Care in Mississauga

Diabetic Eye Exams

Have you been recently diagnosed with Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus? Have you had diabetes most of your life? If you have diabetes or gestational diabetes, you should have had your comprehensive eye health and vision exam in the past year.

Diabetic retinopathy affects the retina and its small blood vessels. It is North America’s leading cause of preventable blindness in people aged 30-69 years of age. It is the leading cause of blindness in people aged 20-74. The damage to the blood vessels occurs without pain or early vision loss. It is therefore imperative to have regular eye exams, even in the absence of symptoms.

To minimize the risk, patients with diabetes should control blood sugar levels well through proper diet and exercise, follow their doctors prescribed medical therapy and have their eyes examined at least once every year by their eye care professional. A 10-year study showed that people with insulin-dependent diabetes who strictly managed their blood-glucose levels experienced 76% less eye damage. A 1% decline in blood-glucose levels resulted in a 40% decline in risk of developing vision loss. Check out the links below for animations detailing diabetic retinopathy:

Diabetic Retinopathy: Non-Proliferative Form          

 

Our digital retinal camera aids in the diagnosis of diabetic retinopathy and its monitoring over time. A dilated fundus exam is part of the standard diabetic eye examination. Reports to your physician and endocrinologist will be sent following your examination. Your retinal images will also be emailed to you at the conclusion of your eye exam.

Patients with diabetes are also more prone to developing cataracts and at an earlier age. Daily use of sunglasses is strongly recommended.  Learn more about sunglasses by clicking here.

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